Coily & Kinky Hair: The Differences in Type 4 Hair

Coily & Kinky Hair: The Differences in Type 4 Hair

Determining your hair type can be confusing. What is kinky hair? or What is coily hair? How do I know if I have type 4 hair? How do I know if I have curly hair? The list goes on. There are a variety of textures, curl patterns, porosity levels, and densities that genuinely make each natural crown different. However, new research, thanks to stylist and scientists out there, we’ve begun to understand how to identify these differences in natural hair.

**Find Your Exact Texture of Coily or Kinky Curly Hair

The biggest question a lot of naturals ask when starting their natural hair journey or trying to find the right products for their hair is if they have curly, coily hair or kinky. There’s a misconception around curly hair especially those new to natural hair – isn’t it all curly, even coily and kinky hair, all curly?

Necessarily, yes, but there are different characteristics that each type has that differentiate them. In this blog post, we’ll go over each type in detail with tests you can do at home to see what type you have. We’ll also provide the perfect kinky curly bundle that is the ideal fit for your hair type. Let’s get started!

What Is Kinky Hair

Kinky Hair

Contrary to popular belief, kinky hair can be beautiful, medium or extremely thick. Curly hair comes in a variety of textures, and some naturals may find that some parts of their hair are curly and some are coily. However, in this section, we’re only going to highlight the characteristics of curly hair.

For starters, curly hair consists of ringlets that form a barrel or cylinder shape naturally with little effort. Curly hair usually has two distinct patterns. The one most people associate with curly (before knowing the differences) is the c-shaped curl pattern (4a). These curls are looser and form into a spiral, corkscrew or lose ringlet. The barrel of these curls is usually the width of a stick of sidewalk chalk or a large sharpie.

 

 Type 4 Hair

Type 4 Hair 4a, 4b, 4c

The second curly hair pattern is curls that make an s-shape 4A – 4B hair. These curls form a tighter barrel, one that is the circumference of a marker or a pencil. This curl pattern still has a looser curl, than that of coily or type 4 hair. An essential characteristic of both curly hair patterns is that the coils are usually elongated with movement or styling – and don’t snap back into the curl quickly, you’ll learn more about this when we talk about coily hair or type 4.

Texture Examples:

It is important to note, as we mentioned before, curly hair comes in all different textures. You can have great hair and large curls or very thick hair and large curls. It’s important to note the circumference of your curls (or the width of your curl barrel) when determining what your curl pattern is.

Coily Hair

Coily Hair

Kinky hair or coily hair (these are interchangeable), is a curl pattern that has z-shaped or o-shaped curls that form tight ringlets that resemble coils. Kinky hair is highly textured. Kinky/coily hair can be described as wiry and is known to curl on itself. This hair type is more compact and “coiled up” with less defined curls.

Kinky coily hair feels different than curly hair. It has a spongy, cottony to the touch and when stretched, retracts quickly back into shape.  The z-shaped coils have a small barrel that isn’t straight through (4b/4c). You’ll see that at some points of the curl it will be a clear barrel, and alternate between spiral curls that may curl on themselves.

The o-shaped coils have a small barrel, like the z-pattern coil (4c), but you can see the o-shaped pattern has a more consistent barrel. The o-shaped curls resemble a very tight spiral or corkscrew.

Kinky/coily hair can also come to have thin, medium thick or a combination of these strands. Because of the compactness of this curl pattern, it can become brittle and dry without consistent moisturizing and conditioning.

What’s Your Texture?

type 4 and type 4 hair textures patterns and charts

Now that you have a better idea about curly hair vs kinky hair let’s talk about some tests you can do at home to determine what hair type you have.

 

The Barrel Test

Using one of the items below determine which item fits most snug in one of your curl strands.

S-Curls

Poster marker or 2oz bottle

Sharpie

C-Curls

Pencil or straw

Crochet needle or chopstick

If you find that none of the items fit above see if you can compare your curls to the following:

C-Coils

Spring of a pen

If you’re curled don’t resemble a spring of a pen or have tighter coils you most likely have Z-Coil hair.

Feel Test Your Curly Hair

natural hair

Take a second to feel your hair. Start at the roots by feeling the hair along your scalp. Note f you’re hair is straighter or more textured (curling straight from the root). You’ll specifically want to see if your hair feels spongy. If it does, you probably have coily kinky hair or parts of your hair are coily/kinky. It’s common for naturals to have various curl patterns ranging from wigs and human hair.

If you’re still unsure about whether your hair is curly or kinky/coily, you should schedule an appointment with a hair specialist – one that specializes in natural hair. They will be able to analyze your hair further and coach you about your hair type.

Human Hair

So now that you’re a curl pattern expert, it’s time to put that new knowledge to the test and try your hand at creative protective styles. Understanding your curl pattern is the toughest part when finding the right bundles for your hair , so now that you’re an expert, this should be a breeze.

If you have curly hair, you’ll probably get the best results with these curly clip-ins to add extra volume and length to your hair.

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